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Chapter Three

128

needs and priorities assessment

The purpose of an Existing Level of Service (LOS) analysis

is to quantify how well the existing parks system is meeting

the needs of residents. The National Recreation and Park

Association’s definition of LOS is “an allocationmechanism

for the delivery of park land and basic recreation facilities

throughout a community. By adoption of such a standard,

a community in essence says that all citizens, [...], will

have an equal opportunity to share in the basic menu of

services implicit in the standard and accompanying spatial

distribution and allocation of policies.”

For Raleigh, the LOS analysis was measured based on three

basic principles that will be

continually refined

based on

public input in subsequent phases of this planning process.

• Acreage (Amount of Park Land)

• Facilities (Amount of Facilities)

• Access (Distance or Travel Time)

The most common way to measure LOS for existing

acreage is the number of public park acres per 1,000

residents in a community. As of 2014, there are 9,764

acres of developed and undeveloped public park and

greenway lands within the City of Raleigh. The estimated

2011 population of Raleigh is 416,468 residents, which

translates into an Acreage LOS of 23.44 acres per 1,000

residents. In 2035, the population is projected to increase

to 590,560 (CAMPO). If no additional park or greenway

land is acquired, the acreage LOS will drop to 16.53 acres

per 1,000 residents.

Table 73

shows the LOS analysis for

each park type, and calculates the deficit or surplus that

these currently provide, and the projected LOS for 2035.

Acreage LOS Findings

Based on this technique, the City of Raleigh is currently

experiencing a deficit in acreage for neighborhood and

metro parks, with the neighborhood park deficit being

Table 73.

City of Raleigh Existing Acreage LOS Analysis per 1,000 Population

Park

Classification

Existing

Acreage

(Dec. 2012

dev. & undev.

acreage)

Existing

Number of

Parks

LOS

Standard

(Acres/1000

Population)

Existing

Acreage

Needed for

LOS (2011)#

2011

Acreage

Deficit or

(Surplus)

Projected

Acreage

Needed

for LOS

(2035)##

2035

Acreage

Deficit or

(Surplus)

Projected

Park Sizes

(2030 Comp

Plan)

Number of

New Parks

Needed by

2035

Mini Parks

13.55

15

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Neighborhood

Parks

657.76**

50 (5)*

2.6

1,082.81

425.05

1,535

877.24

15 ac

59

Community Parks

1,298.98

24

3.1

1,291.05

(7.93)

1,831

532.02

60 ac

9

Metro Parks

1,729.81

8

4.2

1,749.16

19.35

2,480

750.19

300 ac

3

Special Parks

1,049.12

39

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nature Parks and

Preserves

850.73

4

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Open Spaces

118.96

82

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Greenway

Corridors

3,750.24

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

* Includes five School Parks that are recognized as currently serving the communities needs as Neighborhood Parks

** Presumes six acres equivalent for each of five school parks currently functioning as Neighborhood Parks as defined in the 2030 Comp Plan

# = July 2011 American Community Survey, U.S. Census Population for City of Raleigh

##= Capital Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (CAMPO) Projection for 2035 population of 590,560

Section 3.7

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Existing Level of Service

Analysis

3.7 Methodology

3.7.1 Existing Acreage LOS Analysis