SECTION 3:
EXISTING PROGRAMS AND STRATEGIES
17
3.4
Summary of Existing Strategies
The existing strategies, by Team, are presented in Appendix 4.
3.5
Carbon Emissions Reductions by City Operations between
2007
and 2010
The information provided by the Strategy Teams for each of the existing programs and
strategies was utilized by the consulting team to provide an estimate of the reduction in
carbon emissions that had been achieved by City Operations as a result of implementing the
programs and strategies. By comparing the amount of City Operations emissions that
occurred in 2007 and in 2010, the City could demonstrate the carbon reductions that had
been achieved within a few years. It is important to note that these reductions were all
achieved from relatively low capital expenditures and have had few impacts on City or
Department operations and budgets.
Per the July 12, 2010 City of Raleigh Greenhouse Gas Inventory: Municipal Operations
report, total emissions from City Operations for FY 2007 were estimated to be 151,000 metric
tons of CO
2
equivalent.
3.5.1
Development of City Operations Emissions for Year 2010
The consulting team utilized the information provided by the Strategy Teams to estimate
the amount of carbon emissions from City Operations that had been reduced between the
years 2007 and 2010. Calculations were performed according to
The Climate Registry
(
TCR) and the
International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)
Local
Government Operations Protocol Version 1.1, May 2010.
The TCR/ICLEI
Local Government
Operations Protocol
was developed as a collaborative effort between the two
organizations
to give local government
s a comprehensive guidance document for
preparing greenhouse gas inventories outside of the traditional manufacturing/
industrial sector. The TCR/ICLEI
Local Government Operations Protocol
utilizes U.S.-
based emission factors.
The 2010 emissions include those from Scope 1 and Scope 2 sources as identified below:
Scope 1 – Direct Emissions
Direct emissions result from sources, processes, or facilities owned and/or controlled by the
City. The City Operations include these source categories for direct emissions:
Stationary Combustion Emissions – Emissions that are the result of combusting fossil-
based fuels using equipment in a fixed location. Such pieces of equipment include
boilers, heaters, and generators.
Mobile Combustion Emissions – Emissions resulting from the combustion of fossil-
based fuels in transportation sources both on- and off-road. These sources include the
City’s vehicles and heavy equipment.
Process-Related – Process emissions result from physical or chemical processes, other
than those resulting from fuel combustion. For the City, this includes emissions from
the three wastewater treatment plants (Neuse River, Little Creek and Smith Creek),
the Wilder’s Grove Landfill and from yard waste composting