Implementation of a new Level of Service criteria based
on desired experiences will include additional refinement
of activities and experiences based on public input and
further analysis. Using the public input and analysis from
the System Plan, the Department is developing new gap
analysis and search area models to determine areas of
need within the parks, recreation and cultural resources
system. Using this new Level of Service will require the
department to review and update its existing Facility Fee
Policy as identified in the Parks Sub-system Strategic Plan.
The benefit of an experience-based system is the ability to
remain flexible and provide better service to the community.
As a priority identified by citizens, a set of inherent park,
recreation and cultural experiences have been identified
that the city will prioritize equal access to for all citizens.
These experiences are grouped into two categories: core
neighborhood; and area-wide. Furthermore, the area-wide
experiences and activities are grouped into two types: ‘at-
will;’ or programmed. Programmed activities are traditional
types of recreation that are scheduled at specific times and
for specific activities. At-will activities encompass activities
that can be done at the user’s will. People are increasingly
interested in activities such as walking or biking that do not
require them to meet an exact schedule or to be coordinated
with large numbers of people.
Once gaps and areas of need are identified using the new
Level of Service Criteria, the department will conduct
further analyses to determine if needs can be fulfilled
through reinvestment in the existing system or through
partnerships. If neither is available, then the department
may look to acquire new property to provide identified
experiences. At this first step, only city-owned facilities or
operated programs are included as accuracy and availability
of data for other agencies and private providers is unreliable.
Future efforts will focus on working with other agencies to
include county, ctate and other providers in the criteria.
Distance or travel time standards are best based on
development patterns, street networks, bicycle/pedestrian
networks, and demographics in the community. As part of this
first step, a travel distance of one mile for core neighborhood-
based experiences will be evaluated. This distance is based on
survey results and public input from communitymeetings and
the System Plan website in which the majority of respondents
indicated a preferred travel distance of between 1/2 mile
and one mile. Department staff has identified preliminary
activities, based on public input during the SystemPlan, which
will be provided equally throughout the city. The activities
included in the core neighborhood-based experiences are all
‘at-will’ activities such as:
• Sitting outside, reading, contemplating, meeting
• Going to a playground;
• Informal open play (may include an open lawn); and
• Walking or riding a bike in a park or on a greenway trail.
Evaluation of these core neighborhood-based experiences
have been completed using the above criteria.
: Core-Experience Access Service Areas, includes a
combination of all four experiences, as well as, traditional
1/2-mile neighborhood park service area boundaries. The
map shows that through this analysis technique, a truer
service area can be identified for experiences because an
experience is not tied to a single park type.
Preliminary area-wide experiences have been identified
through the same means as core neighborhood-based
experiences. Unlike the neighborhood-based experiences
that are evaluated using a single travel distance of one
mile, area-wide experiences will use a range of distances
based on the type of amenity. This range may be from one
to five miles. Preliminary area-wide experiences include:
• Playing on an athletic field or court;
• Enjoying the outdoors or nature;
• Swimming in a public pool or aquatic recreation;
• River and lake-related activities;
• Enjoying cultural opportunities.
• Athletics/ Teams/
• Educational Programs
• Social Programs
• Sports/ Tennis
5.3.2 Experience-Based System